Coaches have been using periodization for more than a century to create training plans. Over the years the concept of periodization has become broader to include a wide variety of training plans all seemingly based on the premise that biological adaptation to a given training follows a predictable course and future training can therefore be adequately forecasted to meet the goals of the athlete. Matveyev was one of the early researchers involved in developing modern concepts, but many other since have built on his work.
In the article (“Periodization Paradigms in the 21st Century: Evidence-Led or Tradition-Driven?” in International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance), author John Kiely notes that scientific progress has stagnated in some respects. The problem is that what few studies look at periodization are narrow in scope, yet try to draw the broadest possible conclusion from the results.
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